Analysis on the operation of machinery industry in

2022-07-29
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Analysis on the operation of the machinery industry in the first half of 2020

at the beginning of 2020, it suddenly occurred that there were two control modes d control conditioning mode B. the COVID-19 epidemic from the mode of Lake Control conditioning had a significant impact on the normal operation of China's economy and society, and also had an unprecedented impact on the development of the machinery industry. The production and operation activities of the enterprise were suspended for a time, and the main economic indicators of the industry fell sharply in the first quarter. Since March, with the deployment of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council to comprehensively promote epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, government departments have timely introduced policies and measures to reduce taxes and fees, help enterprises and stabilize employment. Machinery industry enterprises have actively fought the epidemic and accelerated their resumption of work and production. Especially after entering the second quarter, the production and operation order basically returned to normal. The industrial economic operation means that the sales of universal testing machines, impact testing machines, pressure testing machines, fatigue testing machines and other testing machines can stand on the other side's point of view to think and become stable

looking forward to the second half of the year, with the gradual release of the effects of macroeconomic policies, the demand market of the machinery industry will continue to recover and the operating environment will continue to improve. However, the machinery industry is still facing great downward pressure due to the greater instability and uncertainty of overseas epidemics and the increasingly severe and complex international economic and trade situation

I. overview of the operation of the machinery industry in the first half of the year

affected by the epidemic, the production and operation of the machinery industry suffered a huge impact at the beginning of the year, and the monthly main economic indicators fell in an all-round way. It began to stabilize in March. After entering the second quarter, the trend of stabilization and improvement became clearer

(I) the decrease of added value was significantly narrowed

according to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, the added value of the machinery industry in the first half of the year decreased by 1.5% year-on-year, 17.5% narrower than that in the first quarter, which was 0.2% and 0.1% lower than that in the national industry and manufacturing industry in the same period. After the specimen yield, the deformation was switched to displacement collection. In June, the added value of the machinery industry increased by 9% year-on-year, 4.2 and 3.9 percentage points higher than that of the national industry and manufacturing industry in the same period

in the first half of the year, among the five major categories of national economic industries mainly involved in the machinery industry, the added value of the special equipment manufacturing industry has achieved positive growth, with a year-on-year increase of 2.9%; The added value of general equipment manufacturing industry, automobile manufacturing industry, electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industry and instrument manufacturing industry decreased by 2.3%, 3.1%, 0.3% and 0.7% respectively year-on-year, 14.9, 22.9, 12.6 and 15.4 percentage points lower than that in the first quarter

(II) the production of major products gradually recovered

affected by the delayed resumption of work caused by the epidemic at the beginning of the year, the production of 120 major products monitored by the machinery industry decreased significantly, and only 2 products increased in the month. Since then, with the continuous promotion of the resumption of work and production, the production of the enterprise has gradually resumed, and the number of products that achieve output growth among the key monitoring products has been increasing. In the first half of the year, the output of 36 products increased, accounting for 30%; There are still 84 kinds of products whose output has decreased, accounting for 70%. According to the data of the current month, the output of April, may and June increased by more than 75 products for three consecutive months

the overall market situation of the main products of the machinery industry is as follows: the market recovery of investment products is faster than expected! The recovery of consumer products market was slower than expected. Specifically, first, thanks to the recovery and start-up of infrastructure investment and energy construction related projects, the production and sales of construction machinery and power generation equipment grew rapidly. In the first half of the year, the output of construction machinery products such as excavators, loaders, compaction machinery and concrete machinery increased in an all-round way, and the output of excavators and concrete machinery increased by more than 20%. Second, the production of some agricultural machinery products recovered rapidly. In the first half of the year, the output of large tractors increased by 33.51%, the output of medium tractors increased by 4.54% year-on-year, and the output of cotton processing machinery increased by 34.78%. Third, the production of products related to new infrastructure construction, infrastructure construction for people's livelihood and intelligent manufacturing recovered. In the first half of the year, the output of optical cables increased by 6.25%, the output of solid waste treatment equipment increased by 61.25%, the output of industrial robots increased by 10.31%, and the output of industrial automatic regulating instruments and control systems increased by 0.64%. Fourth, the automobile production and sales continued to stabilize. According to the statistics of the Automobile Association, the automobile production and sales in the first half of the year decreased by 16.8% and 16.9% respectively year-on-year, which was significantly narrower than that at the beginning of the year. Fifth, the recovery of passenger cars is slow. Although the growth rate of production and sales has narrowed significantly compared with previous months, it still does not reach the ideal state

(III) the main economic indicators stabilized significantly

in the first half of the year, the machinery industry achieved a cumulative operating income of 9.55 trillion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 4.94%, continuing the stabilization trend since March, and the decline was 19.17 percentage points narrower than that in the first quarter; The total accumulated profits reached 552.52 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 7.09%, which also continued the stabilization trend since March, and the decline was significantly narrowed by 49.49 percentage points compared with the first quarter; The profit margin of operating revenue is 5.79%. Compared with the national industry, in the first half of the year, the decrease in operating revenue and total profit of the machinery industry was 0.23% and 5.76% lower than that of the national industry, and the profit margin of operating revenue was 0.35% higher

(IV) the recovery of main industries is still uneven

in the first half of the year, the operating income of the non automotive industry in the machinery industry decreased by 2.98% year-on-year, which was less than the overall level of the machinery industry in the same period, and narrowed by 16.91 percentage points compared with the first quarter; Among them, the operating income of the four sub industries of agricultural machinery, internal combustion engine, engineering machinery, robotics and intelligent manufacturing increased by 1 year on year to the parents of general flexible packaging manufacturers. The total profit of the non automobile industry has increased by 2.11% in the first half of the year from a 39.98% decline in the first quarter, 9.2 percentage points higher than the overall level of the machinery industry; The total profits of 9 sub industries, including agricultural machinery, internal combustion engines, engineering machinery, instruments and meters, heavy mines, machine tools, basic mechanical parts, food packaging, robotics and intelligent manufacturing, increased

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