Daily use and maintenance guide of the hottest inc

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Daily use and maintenance guide of incubator

incubation equipment is one of the main equipment in modern chicken breeding equipment. The whole set of incubation equipment includes www.mechnet com. Cn/"> incubators, hatching machines and other supporting devices.

there are many types of incubators. Although the degree of automation and capacity are different, their structural principles are basically the same, mainly composed of body, automatic temperature control device, automatic humidity control device, automatic egg turning device and ventilation device. At present, box type incubators (also known as electric incubators) are used It is widely used. According to its capacity, this type of incubator can be divided into three specifications: large, medium and small. Its capacity is 50000 ~ 100000 or more, 10000 ~ 50000 and less than 10000 respectively. In small and medium-sized incubators, incubation and hatching are installed in the same body

1. Requirements for incubator

(1) automatic temperature control. The temperature control accuracy is generally required to be ± 0.2oc. About 40% of the temperature at each point in the machine is used for industrial machinery, and the difference between equipment is not greater than 0.4 ℃

(2) the ventilation is reasonable. Change the air in time. Each embryo egg should have a ventilation of 0.002 ~ 0.010m3/h during incubation and 0.004 ~ 0.015m3/h during hatching, so that the air in the machine is fresh and the CO2 content does not exceed 0.5%

(3) turn the egg regularly, with enough angle and stable action. Generally, turn the egg every 1.0 ~ 2.5h, and the egg turning angle is ± 45o. When the egg pan turns to the maximum angle, neither the egg nor the egg pan can fall

(4) automatic humidity control with appropriate humidity. Generally, the relative humidity during hatching is 53% - 57%, and during hatching is 65% - 70%, with an error of no more than 3%

2. Use and maintenance of incubator

(1) the incubator should be installed on the concrete ground, and the ground should be kept flat. During installation, the incubator should be tilted slightly forward (some models are backward) to facilitate the discharge of sewage during cleaning. 2 ~ 3M operation space should be reserved in front of the door

(2) the temperature of the incubator should be maintained at 20 ~ 27 ℃. When the temperature is higher than 27 ℃ or lower than 20 ℃, air conditioning equipment or other measures should be considered. The humidity should be maintained at about 50%. There should be good ventilation conditions indoors, and the waste gas discharged by the incubator (especially the hatching machine) should be led outdoors by pipes. The incubator should be cleaned, washed, painted and disinfected frequently

(3) after the installation of the whole machine, power on the machine for test, check whether the temperature and humidity control system is normal, and adjust the temperature according to the requirements. Also check whether the over temperature and low temperature alarm system is faulty, and whether the automatic timing egg flipping system is normal. Wait for 1 ~ 2 days of operation, and then officially incubate after everything is normal

(4) pay attention to the temperature indicated by the thermometer on the door at any time during use. If there is any abnormal phenomenon, check the temperature control system in time to eliminate the fault

(5) with the growth of embryo age, the air inlet and exhaust port should be properly opened, and all of them should be opened in the later stage to ensure the normal development of embryo needs oxygen, but the early stage should not be opened too large, so as to avoid slow heating and waste of electric energy

mainly determine how much force should be used to pull apart the bonding of two different materials (6) pay attention to whether the egg turning angle meets the requirements and whether the timing is accurate. It is best to make all incubators turn eggs in the same direction for management. Record every time you turn the egg

(7) it should be noted that the water in the water tank (plate) of the humidity control device should not be cut off. The water in the gauze and water box of the sensing element should be changed frequently. After the gauze is polluted by dirt, it should be cleaned and reinstalled. For the incubator without automatic humidity control device, it is necessary to add warm water to the water pan regularly and adjust the number of water pans according to the humidity requirements of different incubation periods to ensure the humidity requirements of embryonic development

(8) after each batch of hatching or hatching, the incubator or hatching machine should be thoroughly washed and disinfected once. Then check whether the mechanical part is loose or stuck, check the lubricating oil in the reducer, and remove the dust, fluff and other dirt on the electrical equipment. Power on and test run for a period of time. After adjusting the temperature and humidity, it is a new type of impact testing machine that can instantly measure and record the characteristic curve of materials in the process of impact

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