China's equipment manufacturing industry takes advantage of the intelligent trend to "overtake on the curve"
China's equipment manufacturing industry takes advantage of the intelligent trend to "overtake on the curve"
China Construction machinery information
Guide: the 12th Five Year Plan for the development of national strategic emerging industries was adopted at the executive meeting of the State Council on May 30. The plan defines the key development directions and main tasks of the seven strategic emerging industries. The plan proposes that the high-end equipment manufacturing industry should vigorously develop modern aviation equipment, satellites and Applications
the "12th Five Year Plan" for the development of national strategic emerging industries was adopted at the executive meeting of the State Council on May 30. The plan defines the key development directions and main tasks of the seven strategic emerging industries. The plan proposes that the high-end equipment manufacturing industry should vigorously develop modern aviation equipment, satellite and application industries, improve the development level of advanced rail transit equipment, accelerate the development of marine engineering equipment, expand and strengthen intelligent manufacturing equipment, and promote the intelligent, precision and green development of manufacturing industry
insiders told that the statement of high-end equipment manufacturing in the plan once again confirmed that intelligence will be the general trend of the development of equipment manufacturing industry in the future. This trend is an opportunity for China's equipment manufacturing industry. If we grasp it properly, it is expected to achieve "overtaking in the corner", making us become a powerful country in the equipment manufacturing industry from a big country in the equipment manufacturing industry
intellectualization is the breakthrough of high-end equipment
Liu Yuanrui, an analyst of Changjiang Securities Industry, believes that as a key project of the 12th Five Year Plan, China's current high-end equipment manufacturing industry has accumulated a lot and has reached the cycle of accelerating the release of growth potential
the current strong downstream demand will also promote the accelerated growth of equipment manufacturing enterprises. This is mainly reflected in two points. One is the trend of mechanization. With the increase of labor costs, both textile machinery and coal mining equipment will face an unprecedented period of strong demand. The second is the large-scale investment of the government or central enterprises in China
in the 12th Five Year Plan, China will increase investment in high-speed rail, offshore oil, wind power, hydropower, hydraulic engineering, environmental protection, UHV and other aspects, which means that with the increase of investment by the government and large central enterprises, these industries will also face strong demand, especially offshore oil and other industries, which will have a more obvious pulling effect on high-end equipment manufacturing industry
Shi Yong, director of the Institute of strategy and planning of the Institute of machinery industry information, believes that the lack of independent design ability and the lack of key core technologies are the bottlenecks that restrict China from becoming a powerful equipment manufacturing country
according to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of industry and information technology, the service life of many mechanical basic parts in China is only one-third to two-thirds of that of similar foreign products. For example, the vast majority of high-quality castings and forgings required by China's power generation equipment manufacturing industry, which has ranked first in the world in industrial competitiveness, and pumps and valves, which account for one quarter of the investment in nuclear power equipment, are still mainly imported. In addition, the vast majority of high-end CNC systems also rely on imports, The quality problem of domestic equipment cannot be ignored
according to insiders, during the "12th Five Year Plan", China will strive to cultivate the high-end equipment manufacturing industry into a pillar industry of the national economy, and then realize the transformation of China's equipment manufacturing industry from "large" to "strong". In this process, intelligence is not only a component of high-end equipment, but also the main line running through the whole field of high-end equipment. It is the development trend and breakthrough of high-end equipment
the foundation is weak and the scale of the industry is small.
it is understood that the main contents of the development of intelligent manufacturing equipment include: high-end CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment, automated complete production lines, intelligent control systems, precision and intelligent instruments and test equipment, key basic parts, components and general components, etc
relevant experts from China Machinery Industry Federation said that the development of intelligent special equipment can realize the automation, intelligence, precision and greening of production process, and drive the improvement of the overall technical level of industry. For example, in the field of precision and intelligent instruments and test equipment, we should focus on the development of intelligent precision instruments and scientific instruments such as pressure, flow, material level, composition, materials, mechanical properties, etc. according to the development needs of energy conservation, environmental protection, petrochemical and other industries. In the field of key basic parts, components and general components, we should focus on the development of high parameter, high precision and high reliability bearings, gear transmission devices and large, precision, complex and long-life molds
during the "12th Five Year Plan" period, the consequences of the transformation of key industries in the national economy will be very serious upgrading, the cultivation and growth of strategic emerging industries and the constraints of energy, resources and environment, which put forward higher requirements for the intelligent manufacturing equipment industry and also provide a huge market space
however, as an emerging industry that is being cultivated and growing, China's intelligent manufacturing equipment industry still has prominent problems, which are mainly reflected in: the ability of technological innovation is weak, and core technologies such as new sensors and advanced control are controlled by others; The industrial scale is small, the industrial organization structure is small, scattered and weak, and there is a lack of backbone enterprises with international competitiveness; The industrial base is weak, and the market share of high-end and special sensors, intelligent instruments and meters, automatic control systems, high-end numerical control systems and robots is less than 5%
numerical control lays the foundation for intellectualization
on May 27, at the launching conference of the innovative application demonstration project of the first generation of numerical control mechanical products in Hubei Province, Zhou Ji, President of the Chinese Academy of engineering, pointed out that in the next 8 to 10 years, China will realize the comprehensive innovation of mechanical products and upgrade mechanical products to the "first generation of numerical control"; By 2030, China's mechanical products will be initially upgraded to the "intelligent generation"
in Zhou Ji's view, seizing the opportunity that the world's machinery industry is in the period of product digitalization development, and realizing the overall upgrading of machinery products to the "CNC generation" within 10 years can promote the transformation of China's machinery industry from "big" to "strong"
the process of global industrial structure adjustment and mechanical product upgrading shows that the steam engine technology makes the mechanical industry enter the mechanization era from the manual manufacturing era, the electrical technology makes the mechanical industry enter the electrification era from the mechanization era, and the numerical control technology is making the mechanical industry leap from the electro gasification Era to the digital era. Zhou Ji believes that in the future, the machinery industry will enter the intelligent era from the digital era
at the same time, according to the development level of China's intelligent manufacturing technology and intelligent measurement and control devices, based on the manufacturing industry, during the "12th Five Year Plan" period, we will focus on promoting applications in key areas of the national economy such as electric power, energy conservation and environmental protection, agriculture, resource exploitation, national defense and military industry, and carry out application demonstrations step by step and at different levels to form an application platform of versatility, Hao Xiangjun said standardization, and intellectual property rights, Accelerate the coordinated development of industry, technology and application
create a good industrial development environment
according to relevant plans, by 2015, the sales revenue of the intelligent equipment industry will exceed 1 trillion yuan, with an average annual growth rate of more than 25% and an industrial value-added rate of 35%. Intelligent manufacturing equipment can meet the needs of key areas of the national economy and make breakthroughs in key areas. Intelligent devices represented by sensors, automatic control systems, industrial robots, servo and execution components have achieved breakthroughs and reached the international advanced level, and the integration level of major complete sets of equipment and production line systems has been greatly improved
some experts said that what is urgently needed now is to establish and improve the mechanism of relying on engineering to develop intelligent manufacturing equipment, give priority to encouraging industrial alliances composed of user enterprises and manufacturing enterprises to participate in engineering bidding, jointly develop major intelligent manufacturing complete sets of equipment, and encourage financial institutions to carry out the first set of insurance business in various forms. At the same time, actively implement the first (set) policy to provide favorable conditions for the application and promotion of intelligent manufacturing equipment
previously, Su Bo, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said at the fourth China manufacturing forum that to promote the development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry, including intelligent equipment, we should focus on solving the following three major problems: first, we should strengthen and improve industrial basic capabilities. The second is to strengthen the organic combination of original innovation, integrated innovation and the introduction, digestion, absorption and re innovation. Finally, we should attach great importance to market cultivation
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